Deoxyguanosine monophosphate is a derivative of the common nucleic acid GTP, or guanosine triphosphate, in which the -OH (hydroxyl) group on the 2' carbon on the nucleotide's pentose has been reduced to just a hydrogen atom (hence the deoxy- part of the name). The diphosphate of the name indicates that one of the phosphoryl groups of GTP have been removed, most likely by hydrolysis.
Deoxyguanosine monophosphate would be abbreviated dGMP.
|Major families of biochemicals|
|Peptides | Amino acids | Nucleic acids | Carbohydrates | Nucleotide sugars | Lipids | Terpenes | Carotenoids | Tetrapyrroles | Enzyme cofactors | Steroids | Flavonoids | Alkaloids | Polyketides | Glycosides|
|Analogues of nucleic acids:||Types of Nucleic Acids||Analogues of nucleic acids:|
|| Purine (Adenine, Guanine) | Pyrimidine (Uracil, Thymine, Cytosine)
||Adenosine/Deoxyadenosine | Guanosine/Deoxyguanosine | Uridine | Thymidine | Cytidine/Deoxycytidine
|| monophosphates (AMP, GMP, UMP, CMP) | diphosphates (ADP, GDP, UDP, CDP) | triphosphates (ATP, GTP, UTP, CTP) | cyclic (cAMP, cGMP, cADPR)
||monophosphates (dAMP, dGMP, TMP, dCMP) | diphosphates (dADP, dGDP, TDP, dCDP) | triphosphates (dATP, dGTP, TTP, dCTP)
||RNA | mRNA | tRNA | rRNA | gRNA | miRNA | ncRNA | piRNA | shRNA | siRNA | snRNA | snoRNA
||DNA | mtDNA | cDNA
|Nucleic acid analogues:
||GNA | LNA | PNA | TNA | morpholino
||plasmid | cosmid | fosmid | phagemid | BAC | YAC | HAC